Deir ez-Zor (also called "the Monastery" Syrian dialect) is a Syrian city located in the east of the country on the Euphrates River, is the capital of the governorate of Deir Ez-Zor.
The number of citizens registered in the records of civil status at the beginning of 2001, some 1.166 million people make up 5.3% of the country's population density 27 people / sq km.
Deir ez-Zor is a natural extension of the Levant, located on the left bank of the Euphrates river at a distance of 450 kilometers northeast of Damascus and 320 km southeast of Aleppo. Runs through the city by the river Euphrates Two branches - by the side of the city and small passes from the middle and almost divides the part of the island of river floating and called the area Ahoiqp and characterized by frequent bridges, the most important suspension bridge built by the French on the Euphrates in the early twenties of the twentieth century and the bridge obsolete. One of the largest cities in Syria space.
Deir al-Zor on the Euphrates river which flows through the archaeological sites are important in Syria, on the outskirts of the island Lafratip Syrian Senior Citizen human and a lot of wild archaeological terms based city in the Syrian territory teeming cities, sites, and hills and archaeological dating of the oldest civilizations in the world, like the city of Mary historical . During the Roman rule, was an important center for trade between the Romanian and the Empire of the Persian Empire and India. Zenobia annexed and became part of her country strong Palmyra central Syria. In Aaladalomue and Abbasid periods, increased urbanization and agricultural prosperity of the city and the name of the city in the present Covenant, "monastery pomegranate", which paved the tables and canals from the Euphrates and Khabour. Destroyed when the Mongols invaded the Middle East.
Evolved Deir al-Zour in the Ottoman period, was a center and an important station was the area (Qaimqamip) under its affairs to the age of Pasha, the mayor of military Aleppo, appointed Khalil Bey Thaqubl Orfali mayor of Deir ez-Zor he established homes for the government, and military barracks and a hospital continued to the present Covenant 54 years punishable by 29 governor, or acting. Occupied France in 1921 as other regions of Syria and made it the headquarters of a large military garrison by the popular uprisings against several of the occupation's revolution tribe Albohabour and the revolution Ldermim that Tsmt battle Cassar surgeon (bench Cassar surgeon) in 1941 which had resulted out of French colonists from the village of Almsalkp (evacuation is ) and the weakness of his strength and capacity and the weakness of its prestige in the region has produced the power and raise the morale of the people of Zone "after the revolution Ldermim and their faith in their ability to overcome the enemy and he then several revolutions led rebels nodules led to the liberation Bokmal of Deir ez-Zor in 1945 by the Museum of huge comprising approximately twenty-five thousand pieces date back to the contents of archaeological ancient times different from the beginning of the stone ages, through the ancient Syrian cultures and even the Islamic eras. The museum also houses natural sizes as well as many archaeological finds such as Imathil pots and skeletons and artifacts, crockery, glassware, tools, and miscellaneous manuscripts and others. The city's many mosques and churches the most important historic mosque Humaidi Martyrs Armenian Church.
And the five bridges on the Euphrates River, which divides into two parts known as the first bridge, a small (known as the bridge aging), which collapsed and the second bridge the large, known as the suspension bridge, one of the bridges, famous worldwide, as built by the French during their occupation of Syria in 1920 and there are other bridges in the city.
Deir ez-Zor Museum
Deir ez-Zor Museum, Museum complex consisting of approximately twenty-five thousand artifacts date back to ancient Contents ancient times different from the beginning of the Stone Age civilizations through the ancient Syrian and even the Islamic eras. The museum also houses natural sizes as well as many archaeological finds such as Imathil pots and skeletons and artifacts, crockery, glassware, tools, and miscellaneous manuscripts and others.
The city's many monuments and historical buildings, mosques and churches the most important historic mosque Humaidi Martyrs Armenian Church. And the five bridges on the Euphrates River, which divides into two parts known as the first bridge, a small (known as the bridge aging) and the second bridge the large, known as the suspension bridge, one of the bridges, famous worldwide, as built by the French during their occupation of Syria in 1920 and there are other bridges in the city, the center of the Euphrates River, which passes in the city center Pferah small and there are a number of islands in the river, a major branch makes the corresponding views.
The economy of Deir ez-Zor on agriculture and less on the industry. The most important crops, wheat, cotton, sesame, and vegetables in addition to livestock of all kinds and many of the industries. It also depends on the money pumped from the people of the province expatriates in the Arab and foreign countries where a high percentage of them in the Gulf states.
Were discovered oil fields in Deir ez-Zor is visible only in Syria and the most important fields in the Middle East for the production of crude oil and natural gas and gas facilities. Contain visible Deir ez-Zor on a number of oil and gas fields mission in Syria, such as field age, field of flowers, invested several national companies, joint and foreign, and collection stations and pumping oil and gas extraction and processing of natural and pumped through the pipeline network of the Syrian national.
There are rocks and veins of salt near the town of Deir Al-Zour is extracted rock salt mine by adoption (about 40 km north) on the west bank of the Euphrates. And where many important industries such as textile, food industries and manufacturing industry and agricultural machinery and equipment, fertilizer and chemical industries and much more.
In Deir ez Zor important regional airport. Deir ez-Zor is linked with the rest of the cities and provinces of Syria, a network of railway lines broad and a large number of carriers to fly in all directions. There is the headquarters of the University of the Euphrates and the number of junior colleges of the Ministry of Higher Education as well as many private schools and institutes. Issued by the local daily newspaper as "the Euphrates" Trace Foundation, a government press.
Also spread by many tourist facilities, as hotels first and second class accommodation and restaurants, river, known locally as الچردايق (plural: چرداق) and cafes and parks on the banks of the Euphrates. Held the annual shopping festival runs for a month starting from September and a number of annual cultural events.